J Cataract Refract Surg. 2006 Dec;32(12):2075-2079.
Munoz G, Albarran-Diego C, Sakla HF, Javaloy J, Alio JL.
From the Refractive Surgery Department Centro de Especialidades Marques de Sotelo and Hospital NISA Virgen del Consuelo (Munoz, Albarran-Diego), Valencia, and the Refractive Surgery Department (Munoz, Sakla, Javaloy, Alio), VISSUM Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence of transient light-sensitivity syndrome (TLSS) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with the femtosecond laser and to identify preventive strategies.
SETTING: Hospital NISA Virgen del Consuelo, Valencia, Spain.
METHODS: The first 765 eyes operated on with the 15 KHz femtosecond laser were prospectively analyzed for subjective complaints and clinical findings compatible with TLSS. Intraoperative settings, postoperative treatment, and development of complications were analyzed.
RESULTS: Overall, TLSS developed in 10 eyes (incidence 1.3%). However, the incidence decreased from 2.8% to 0.4% when aggressive topical steroids were used during the first 3 postoperative days. Postoperative interface inflammation and postoperative use of a low-dose topical steroid regimen were associated with a higher incidence of TLSS.
CONCLUSIONS: Transient light-sensitivity syndrome is a relatively uncommon complication related to the use of the femtosecond laser. Postoperative interface inflammation may increase the probability of developing TLSS, whereas an aggressive postoperative steroid regimen seemed to provide protection against it.