Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Jul;138(1):149-51.

Brown SM, Khanani AM, McCartney DL.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 Fourth Street, Lubbock, TX 79430-7217, USA.

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PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of daily brimonidine tartrate 0.15% on the dark-adapted pupil diameter.

DESIGN: Observational case series.

METHOD: Ten normal volunteers administered brimonidine to their right eyes once daily. Four to six hours later, infrared pupil photographs were taken after dark adaptation. Measurements were performed at baseline; on treatment days 1, 5, 11, and 18; and on washout days 1 and 2.

RESULTS: One subject had no response. The nine responding subjects showed an average maximum antimydriatic effect of -1.63 mm (range, -0.57 mm--2.30 mm); all subjects experienced tachyphylaxis. Five subjects showed rebound mydriasis (mean maximum rebound +0.87 mm larger than baseline; range 0.50 mm-1.22 mm). The untreated pupil also responded, showing antimydriasis (two subjects), rebound mydriasis (two subjects), or paradoxical direct mydriasis (one subject).

CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily use of brimonidine tartrate to prevent dark-induced pupil dilation can lead to tachyphylaxis and rebound mydriasis.